High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is extremely common and contributes to heart disease, strokes and chronic kidney disease. It is also an important cause of dementia. Normal blood pressure is less than 120/80.

Risk factors for hypertension include:
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Too much salt in the diet

Evaluation and management of hypertension in majority of young hypertensive patients, cause of hypertension is due to the kidney related problems like renal artery stenosis. evalution of such diseases require special imaging tests like renal doppler and angiography.